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Press Kits

1999 Echo

  1. SPECIFICATIONS
  2. TOYOTA LAUNCHES NEW MINI CAR
  3. TOYOTA ECHO - FAST FACTS
  4. ECHO DESIGN A BREAKTHROUGH FOR TOYOTA
  5. SIX MODELS IN NEW ECHO RANGE
  6. ECHO SETS NEW SMALL CAR VALUE FOR MONEY BENCHMARKS
  7. ECHO TO BRIDGE LIGHT AND SMALL CAR SEGMENTS
  8. A SMALL CAR BIG ON PRESTIGE
  9. ECHO MODEL LINE-UP
  10. ECHO EUROPEAN BY DESIGN
  11. ECHO A CAR BY ANY OTHER NAME
  12. ECHO DESIGNER INTERPRETS EUROPEAN TRADITION
  13. ECHO RECEIVES TOYOTA'S THIRD ENHANCEMENT KIT
  14. ECHO PARKING SENSOR IS A TOYOTA FIRST
  15. ECHO OFFERS MAXIMUM PACKAGE EFFICIENCY
  16. ECHO HAS AERODYNAMIC BODY
  17. ECHO HAS LIGHTWEIGHT HIGH RIGIDITY BODY
  18. ECHO HAS REFINED INTERIOR
  19. TOYOTA ECHO HAS UNIQUE DASHBOARD
  20. ECHO IS QUIETER INSIDE
  21. ECHO IS BUILT TO LAST
  22. SUSPENSION BALANCES HANDLING COMFORT AND NVH
  23. INTENSIVE LOCAL EVALUATION FOR ECHO
  24. ECHO BALANCES PERFORMANCE AND ECONOMY
  25. ECHO IS FIRST WITH VVT-i
  26. HIGH EFFICIENCY ENGINE FOR ECHO
  27. ECHO SEDAN BREAKS MINI CAR HORSEPOWER BARRIER
  28. ECHO MANUAL TRANSMISSION SUITS VVT-i TORQUE
  29. ADVANCED 4 SPEED AUTO FOR ECHO
  30. WORLD'S BEST ENGINE AWARDS FOR TOYOTA
  31. ECHO IS TOYOTA'S GREENEST CAR IN AUSTRALIA
  32. ECHO HAS LOW EMISSIONS
  33. ECHO MEETS WORLD SAFETY STANDARDS
  34. ACTIVE SAFETY - STRONG ECHO

SPECIFICATIONS


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TOYOTA LAUNCHES NEW MINI CAR


Toyota has launched an all-new European designed mini-car with advanced package efficiency and class-leading engine technology.

Toyota Echo Hatch is the first Toyota styled in Europe, designed at Toyota’s European Centre of Creation (EPOC) in Brussels.

Echo is intended to offer outstanding space, safety, fuel and environmental efficiency in a challenging styling package.

It can accommodate four 190cm-tall adults (designed to seat five people).

Australian buyers have the choice of three model variants - 3-Door and 5-Door Hatch with a 1.3 litre engine, and a four-door sedan with a 1.5 litre engine.

Both Echo Twin Cam Multi-valve engines have intelligent variable valve timing - a first in class and a first in Australia for a Toyota-badged vehicle.

VVT-i provides improved torque, power and fuel economy, and reduced emissions.

The 1.5 litre engine is the first mini-car engine to break the 100hp barrier. It delivers 80kW (107hp) at 6000rpm and 142Nm of torque at 4200rpm.

The 1.3 litre Hatch engine achieves performance levels normally associated with 1.5 litre fixed valve timing engines - 63kW at 6000rpm and 122Nm of torque at 4400rpm.

These engines can be matched to the five-speed manual or state-of-the-art electronically controlled four-speed automatic transmissions.

Echo Hatch was designed to a ~short but tall~ concept, for increased interior space.

At 3615mm overall length it is the shortest vehicle in the Toyota range.

Echo Hatch has a drag coefficient of 0.30 and sedan has a coefficients of 0.29.

Toyota designed Echo under its GOA (Global Outstanding Assessment) program to meet the world’s toughest safety standards, including a 40 percent offset deformable barrier test at an impact speed of 64km/h - well in excess of the world test standard of 56km/h.

Echo has also been subjected to a 50 percent offset rear moving barrier test and dynamic side impact test, both at impact speeds of 55km/h.

Passive safety features include driver’s airbag SRS with force-limiting seatbelt pretensioner, whiplash injury lessening (WIL) front seats, head impact protection for the pillars and roof rails and a four-way collapsible steering column.

Front passenger airbag SRS with force-limiting seat-belt pretensioner is included in Echo’s Safety pack option, in conjunction with ABS.

Echo has a refined interior package, with the accent on space, comfort, safety and style.

All models have digital centre-mounted instruments, and tri-tone interior colours with Jacquard cloth seat trim.

The centre-mounted instruments reduce the time needed to shift eye focus from the road to the instruments and back to the road.

Echo’s hip point is 580mm above the ground - significantly taller than Echo’s competitors - for greater ease of entry and exit, and a relaxed driving position.

The front seats were designed to create the optimum angle of hip and knee joints for long periods on the road - thereby reducing fatigue.

The rear seat in Hatch is a 60/40 split fold design which tumbles forward to create additional luggage space.

A unique design in the slide mechanism of the rear seat of the hatch provides for 150mm fore/aft movement of the seat - and hence the ability to vary the luggage capacity.

Toyota Echo has more than a dozen cabin storage locations.

Echo’s comfort has been further improved (and fatigue reduced) by a low-noise interior.

There are various option packs, including Safety pack, for all models.

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TOYOTA ECHO - FAST FACTS


Toyota Echo 3-Door Hatch Fast Facts

(among 3-Door Mini-Car Hatches)

Weights and dimensions:

• shortest vehicle of 3-Door mini-car hatches, at 3615mm

Engine:

• only mini-car engine with variable valve-timing technology

• the most torque of 1.3 litre & 1.4 litre engines in light 4 class

Interior & Features:

• only vehicle with digital instruments/combimeter, rear-seat slide adjustment and three rear-seat head restraints

• only vehicle with above-dash storage on passenger side

• only vehicle with five cup holders

• only vehicle with sunroof availability

Comparison models: all 3 door light 4 models

Toyota Echo 5-Door Hatch Fast Facts

(among 5-Door Mini-Car Hatches)

Engine:

• only engine with variable valve-timing technology among 5-door mini-car Hatches

• The most torque of 1.3 litre & 1.4 litre engines in the Light 4 class

Active safety:

• only vehicle with ABS availability

Interior & Features:

• only vehicle with digital instruments/combimeter, rear-seat slide adjustment and three rear-seat head restraints

Comparison models: All Light 4 models

Toyota Echo 4-Door Sedan Fast Facts

NB. Echo is the only sedan in the Light 4 class. It has superior specifications and features to Excel and Lanos Small 4 sedans in the following areas:

Weights and dimensions:

• a taller vehicle, at 1510mm

• wider front track

• lighter weight at 890kg (m/t) and 915kg (a/t)

• largest luggage capacity by a margin of more than 100 litres

Engine:

• higher power and torque

• higher power per litre (53.4 kw/litre)

• only mini-car engine with variable valve-timing technology

• better power-to-weight ratio

Interior & Features:

• only vehicle with head restraints for the rear outboard seats

• only vehicle with above-dash storage on passenger’s side

• only vehicle with under-dash storage on the driver’s side

Comparison models: Lanos and Excel & Baleno.

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ECHO DESIGN A BREAKTHROUGH FOR TOYOTA


The new Echo Hatch is a breakthrough design for Toyota.

It is the first Toyota model designed primarily for the European market.

Echo Hatch’s exterior was designed at Toyota’s EPOC (European Office of Creation).

The centre is currently in Brussels, but moves soon to the Cote d’Azur.

The chief stylist was 33-year-old Greek designer Sotiris Kovos.

The design team intended that the vehicle be distinctive and elicit a response from viewers.

The chief engineer included in the design criteria that the vehicle could carry four 190cm-tall adults.

The ~short and tall~ design combines an impressively low 0.29 drag co-efficient for the sedan and 0.30 for the hatch, with major gains in package efficiency.

The new vehicle has a long wheelbase and short overhangs within its 3615mm overall length.

Front styling cues include large multi-reflector headlamps with integrated turn signal lamps, for a smart, stylish appearance.

The lower bumper opening was designed to incorporate styling elements of the grille.

Echo Hatch’s side styling elements include a rearward tapering roofline which creates excellent aerodynamics.

Echo also has a unique panel crease line that starts with the side turn signal lamps and tapers upwards, in parallel with the window glass.

The rear hatch styling is sporty.The rear combination lamp lens has a slightly smoked finish, with a reddish tinge.

Hatch has 205 litres of rear luggage space (fixed).

Luggage space can be expanded to 305 litres by sliding the rear seats 150mm forward.

A moonroof is included in 3-Door Hatch’s optional Sports Pack.

Sedan Styling:

Toyota Echo sedan was also designed to the short and tall theme.

However, it has a more traditional three-box design.

The front doors are the only common exterior body panels of sedan and Hatch.

Sedan’s front styling includes a slim front grille with a unique centre accent.

This combines with smartly designed headlamps and front bumper to provide a classy stance.

The side profile is tall and rounded.

Echo sedan is 530mm longer than Hatch, at 4145mm.

Sedan’s rear styling is modern and rounded.

Unique features include a slight taper inwards in the boot lid, to give a spoiler-like accent.

Echo also has a rear model badge that spans the bootlid.

Boot capacity is 436 litres with fixed rear seat and 464 litres with the optional 60/40 split rear seat.

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SIX MODELS IN NEW ECHO RANGE


Toyota’s new Echo range has six models, and a wide choice of option packs.

Echo is offered in three-door Hatch, five-door Hatch and a sedan body styles.

The Hatches have a 1.3 litre engine and the sedan has a 1.5 litre engine.

Both engines can be matched to a five-speed overdrive manual or electronically controlled four-speed overdrive automatic transmission.

Echo has a long list of standard equipment:

• VVT-i equipped Twin Cam Multi-valve engine

• GOA safety body

• driver’s airbag SRS and force-limiting seatbelt pretensioner

• multi-reflector headlamps

• tilt-adjustable steering column

• digital instrumentation with fluorescent display

• tachometer

• Jacquard cloth seat trim

• moulded roof lining and door trims

• needle-punch floor carpet

• 60/40 split fold down rear seat with slide and tumble mechanism (Hatch models)

• transponder-type engine immobiliser

• fully lined cargo area

• AM/FM radio with a cassette player in three-door Hatch and sedan, and an AM/FM radio and CD player in five-door Hatch.

There are various option packs, including Safety Pack for all models.

The Safety Pack consists of ABS and front passenger airbag SRS with force-limiting seatbelt pretensioner.

Option Pack 1, for three-door Hatch, consists of power steering, four speakers and single-disc CD player (in lieu of cassette).

Sports Pack, for three-door Hatch, includes power steering, four speakers and single-disc CD player (in lieu of cassette), power door locks, power mirrors, leather-bound steering wheel and manual transmission gear knob (where applicable), and manual-control moonroof.

Power Pack 1, for five-door Hatch, consists of power steering, power door locks, power mirrors and power windows with driver’s window auto down.

Power Pack 2, for sedan, adds single-disc CD player (in lieu of cassette), power door locks, power mirrors, power windows with driver’s auto down, luxury velour Jacquard seat trim, 60/40 split fold rear seat and driver’s seat height adjustment.

Toyota Conversions and Accessories (T-CAM) offers a range of dealer-fit accessories, including body kit parts and roof racks.

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ECHO SETS NEW SMALL CAR VALUE FOR MONEY BENCHMARKS


Toyota’s most successful ever new car, the Echo, is to be sold in Australia.

The Echo goes on sale here on October 8 from $14,990.

According to Toyota the Echo will cause a reappraisal by consumers of the value for money expectation for small cars.

Echo has set an all time record for domestic Japanese demand.

More than 100,000 Echos were sold in Japan in just six and a half months - 30 percent above the previous record set by the Toyota Ipsum.

In Europe, Echo has created significant demand.

More than 10,000 were sold into the usually entrenched Italian market in the first three months of launch.

Toyota Australia expects to be able to deliver 1500 Echoes a month in 2000 when full stock is available.

Echo is the first Toyota to be fully styled by its European Office of Creation (EPOC) in Brussels.

It is a totally new car, owing little to previous Toyota models.

The Echo is a radical departure from usual Toyota design with a new engine, transmission, body and suspension.

The Echo comes as a complete range - a three door, a five door and as a four door sedan.

It is the first small Toyota to be fitted with variable valve timing to deliver higher power output and lower fuel consumption and emissions.

It has a 1.3 litre engine in the three and five door versions and a 1.5 litre engine in the sedan.

Echo is a deliberate effort by Toyota to enter new markets.

It is part of a worldwide strategy to meet the demands of young new-car buyers.

~It would be too simplistic to say Echo is aimed at the youth market,~ said Toyota senior executive vice-president John Conomos.

~It is equally intended to appeal to people who appreciate the flair of European styling.

~Echo is cosmopolitan and utilitarian.

~It has probably the broadest appeal of any Toyota.~

Mr Conomos said Echo was not a Starlet substitute, although it did replace Starlet as the company’s small car entrant.

~Echo is an entirely new vehicle with unique design and marketing parameters,~ he said.

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ECHO TO BRIDGE LIGHT AND SMALL CAR SEGMENTS


The Toyota Echo in its three body styles is likely to bridge the gap between the light and small car segments of the market which combined make up 41 percent of all new vehicle sales.

Based on present production availability Toyota expects to deliver 1500 Echoes each month, in the last quarter of 1999 and increase that once full stock becomes available.

It anticipates claiming in excess of 10 percent of the combined market, and to almost double the size of the volatile light car segment.

The 1.5 litre sedan is expected to make major inroads into the currently declining four door small car market.

~The breakthrough Echo range will create a strong value-for-money proposition in a market place which is best characterised by its extreme price sensitivity,~ Toyota senior executive vice-president John Conomos said.

~It is clearly differentiated by style, by specification and by its value-for-money.~

Echo three door will be available from a recommended retail price of $14,990.

The five door will cost from $17,490 and the four door 1.5 litre sedan will cost from $17,990.

Easy to understand specification packages - sports, safety and power - will be available for each model.

Volume expectations will be met not only by sales to younger customers but to families, retirees and in strong competition with the used vehicle market.

Sixty five percent of buyers are likely to be women.

The predominant age group of Hatch buyers will be 20-35.

Over 50 percent of the light market is made up of married couples.

Eleven percent are retirees.

Echo will appeal strongly to people who otherwise would be in the used car market.

Last year 82 percent of first time buyers in the segment came from the used vehicle market.

~According to research Echo will have appeal because it is genuinely accepted as a purpose built vehicle with strong perceived value compared to the appliance-mentality which is characteristic of the class,~ Mr Conomos said.

~Retained value is an important consideration once commodity-perceptions are abandoned.~

Echo’s small car entrant predecessor the Starlet led small car resale values according to a recent Red Book survey and was one of only two light category entrants to make the top 500.

~Our expectation with Echo is that it will enjoy high retained values in keeping with Toyota’s overall market position in contrast to the market position in the small car category,~ Mr Conomos said.

Toyota research indicated safety, technology and the environment were regarded as the key areas that customers regarded as being essential.

~Echo addresses all three as significant strengths,~ Mr Conomos said.

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A SMALL CAR BIG ON PRESTIGE


Eighty percent of people who saw Toyota Echo in a poll taken at the Melbourne Motor Show drew comparisons to Mercedes-Benz A-Class.

The 1.6 litre Mercedes-Benz A-Class Classic grade has a recommended retail price of $39,500 and is regarded as a prestige car.

Ninety-seven percent of people in another major survey regarded Echo as different from usual Toyota design practice and 94 percent saw Echo as a breakaway from accepted small car design.

Thirty-nine percent nominated Echo as their first purchase preference in a comparison with three other makes.

The other makes polled 25 percent, 20 percent and 17 percent in first choice.

Stylist Sotiris Kovos is determined Echo is at least the equal of the A-class in many aspects, and superior in certain technology areas such as use of twin cam valve train and Variable Valve timing.

~Mercedes-Benz defined the path for the small car of the future,~ Kovos said.

~Toyota has produced it at a price within the expectation of the bulk of buyers.~

Senior Japanese marketer for the Echo project Masahiro Myoshi said Echo had sought to meet the needs of a new breed of small car buyer.

~Until now an entry vehicle’s purpose was to serve a role like that of a bicycle - to be simply easy to use for commuting,~ Mr Myoshi said.

~Now customers want more space, better fuel economy, more safety and more environmental friendliness.~

Toyota set a target of 30 percent production cost reduction over initial budget in order to bring Echo to market within the reasonable expectations of its customers.

The program was as challenging as that of the original Lexus project which achieved:

• a significant value for money proposition through production efficiency.

• used new materials, created breakthrough easy to build design and challenged accepted production parameters without sacrificing quality.

For example the number of parts in the door trim has been reduced from 50 to 25.

~The result has been not to build a cheap car but to build a vehicle which offers strong value for money,~ Toyota senior executive vice-president John Conomos said.

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ECHO MODEL LINE-UP





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ECHO EUROPEAN BY DESIGN


The Toyota Echo was built with Europe as its foremost influence and target.

The car will spearhead a drive aimed at boosting Toyota’s European sales from 516,000 in 1998 to 600,000 in 1999 and 800,000 by 2005.

The Echo will be built at a new 150,000 vehicle a year plant at Valenciennes in northern France, beginning in 2001.

According to Echo’s chief engineer Yasuhiko Ichihashi, small cars with strong performance are important in Europe.

~If the car was appreciated in Europe we knew we could succeed in the world,~ he said.

Echo is at the forefront of Toyota’s plans to create a substantial market and manufacturing base in Europe.

Valenciennes and Toyota’s UK factory will have combined annual capacity of more than 350,000 vehicles before 2003.

According to industry analysts the Echo project represents a thrust into Europe which mirrors Toyota’s march into North American markets over the past 15 years.

Toyota opened its first plant in North America in 1984. It now has four, plus an engine plant, with an annual vehicle capacity of 1.2 million.

The company has spent more than $1.6 billion establishing its Echo project including an investment of just over $1 billion on the Valenciennes facility.

It has also agreed to open a new design studio on the Cote d’Azur next year to move its EPOC ( European Office of Creation) from the Brussels suburb of Zaventum.

EPOC created the style and design of Echo.

It was the first time a complete EPOC design had been adopted by Toyota in Japan.

EPOC employs 15 designers of whom eight are Japanese and seven come from seven European countries.

Its chief designer is John McLeod, a 37-year-old Scot.

EPOC won the design rights to Echo in an international Toyota competition.

Designs from Japan and EPOC were evaluated by German, Italian and Spanish customers, and in focus groups in Great Britain before going into more focus study in Japan.

It was the first time, also, that a complete EPOC design had been included in a Japanese focus study.

The winning design was the product of 33-year-old Greek Sotiris Kovos, McLeod’s deputy.

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ECHO A CAR BY ANY OTHER NAME


Toyota Echo was first shown to the world as a concept car at the 1997 Frankfurt Motor Show.

It was called Funtime, and its development centre director was Dr Shuhei Toyoda, the son of the company’s then honorary chairman Eiji Toyoda.

Dr Toyoda built three cars on the same platform - Funtime ( the Echo), Funcoupe and Funcargo, a soon-to-be-released wagon.

Each was intended to demonstrate the versatility of a single platform design program which incorporated world leading techniques in engineering and safety standards.

The Fun project had been styled at Toyota’s EPOC (European Office of Creation) in Brussels.

It was rendered at noted design studios D3 Marquettes Prototypes in France and Stola Spa and Forum in Italy.

The Tokyo Show confirmed public acceptance.

The Funcars became known as NBC - New Basic Car, and each vehicle to be produced on the common platform was given a number.

Echo three door is NBC1.

The first production version of the three and five door models was launched in Japan on January 13 as Vitz.

It was launched two months later in Europe as Yaris.

A four door sedan version, called the Platz, was launched in Japan on August 31.

Vitz is German for brilliance or wit. Yaris is a contrived name intended to convey a European impression.

Echo, its Australian and potentially US name, is intended to Echo nothing.

In Japan, Vitz and Platz are being marketed through a special sales channel called Netz.

Netz is a radical departure from traditional Japanese sales techniques.

It has virtually eliminated cold canvass selling and has instituted a high degree of internet opportunity.

Netz showrooms have been restyled to reflect the style of the car and the market to which it appeals.

A special black Vitz has been produced for Internet-only sale, aimed directly at young and first time buyers.

Demand for Echo has been so strong that Toyota has put on additional manufacturing capacity.

The conversion of 20,000 vehicles’ capacity in its Takaoka plant to Echo will create a 60,000 car a month potential in 2000 before the purpose-built French Valenciennes plant comes on line.

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ECHO DESIGNER INTERPRETS EUROPEAN TRADITION


The 33-year-old Greek-born stylist of Toyota Echo is a graduate of the renowned London Royal College of Art.

Sotiris Kovos attended the college between 1991 and 1993 on a bursary offered by Mazda’s design division.

He had previously spent a season with Peugeot’s Advance Design college in Paris and before that had been at the Coventry University Industrial design school.

The Royal College of Art is regarded as a finishing school for the elite of Europe’s young designers.

Kovos joined Toyota’s European Office of Creation (EPOC) straight from the Royal College from which he graduated M.A.

EPOC was established in 1989 to bring European influence into Toyota design and in particular to seek designs which would appeal to a new, younger market.

Kovos is assistant chief designer reporting immediately to John Macleod, a 37-year-old Scot and then to EPOC director Tadao Otsuki.

Mr Otsuki styled LandCruiser 100 and was a member of the design team on the original Lexus LS400.

Mr Kovos’ first project for EPOC was the styling of the Toyota MRJ concept car, revealed for the first time at the 1995 Tokyo Motor Show.

The car was constructed in Italy.

He began work on the Toyota Funtime project in 1995 and first showed the French-built concept car at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 1997.

Kovos produced 65 different design concepts before settling on the design of Echo, which was first revealed at the Paris Motor Show in 1998.

He was solely responsible for the Lexus RX concept car displayed at the 1999 Frankfurt Motor Show two weeks ago.

According to Kovos, the Echo styling grew from the need to create a very strong European design.

~We did not want to build a refrigerator - an appliance. That would be a terrible reputation to have,~ he said.

~Instead we set out to devise a style that would create emotion, a warm feeling.

~We wanted people to either love it or hate it. That is better than being indifferent.~

According to Kovos the Echo has a strong German influence.

~In Germany form follows function,~ he said. ~With the Italians it is the other way.

~Germanic design represents the best balance of safety and strength.

~It is more solid, with wider appeal.

~Echo demanded a combination of utility requirement, especially in interior spaciousness, with exterior strength.

~It has the quality feeling of bigger cars which is unusual in a small vehicle.~

Mr Kovos said the strong character of the design meant that it was also acceptable in Japan, especially amongst young buyers.

~Japanese buyers will accept European design,~ he said.

~Japanese companies are very brave. They will try new concepts, styling and products.~

Mr Kovos said shortened model cycles would make more radical design evolution a reality.

~Japanese buyers want different models, every time,~ he said.

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ECHO RECEIVES TOYOTA'S THIRD ENHANCEMENT KIT


Toyota has launched its new Echo model with a styling enhancement kit and three accessory alloy wheel designs.

The new styling enhancement kit, which is available for both the 3 and 5 door models, includes front and rear spoilers and side skirts.

Three bright silver alloy wheel designs are offered for Echo - 14~ Quad, 14~ Entice, and 15~ Corsica. All three styles feature organic curves which complement the Echo styling.

Both the four-spoke patterned Quad and the five-spoke rounded pattern Entice wheels fit the Echo’s original 14~ tyre size.

The 15~ Corsica motorsport style six-spoke wheel requires the replacement of Echo’s original tyres.

The launch of the styling accessories for new Echo follows the success of the Corolla TTE Rallye and Camry GTP enhancement packs, according to Toyota Australia’s Rory Macdougall.

~The Echo’s styling enhancement kit reflects the ever increasing demand for individuality of vehicles,~ he said.

~However, the design of the Echo enhancement is more subtle than the aggressive motorsport-inspired Corolla Liftback and Camry kits, in keeping with its distinctive youthful styling.

~The Echo enhancement was developed by Toyota to integrate with the new vehicle’s distinctive exterior styling.~

The new Echo styling accessories are covered by Toyota’s three year/100,000 kilometres accessory warranty when fitted at the time of purchase of a new vehicle.

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ECHO PARKING SENSOR IS A TOYOTA FIRST


A reverse parking sensor kit heads the list of genuine accessories offered for the new Toyota Echo.

It is the first time Toyota has offered a parking sensor kit as an accessory for any model.

The parking sensor helps prevent parking damage when reversing in tight spaces.

The kit consists of two radar sensors, positioned in the rear bumper near the outer corners plus a wiring loom, computer ECU and cabin audible warning beeper.

A beeping signal inside the cabin indicates how close the rear of the vehicle is from objects.

The frequency of the signal increases as the distance between the vehicle and the object diminishes.

Toyota plans to offer this accessory on many of its upcoming new models.

Other Toyota Genuine Accessories for Echo include a detachable towbar, roof racks, weathershields and a full range of protective products.

The Toyota Shadowmount towbar features an easy-to-remove tongue to improve appearance and prevent shin injury.

Roof racks are available for both 3-door and 5-door models.

The roof racks feature a quick release mechanism for easy removal and suit Toyota’s existing range of attachments.

A contoured bonnet protector, which features the Echo logo and shadow-tone edging, heads the list of protective accessories.

A stylish Echo-branded set of floormats features a tailored design with coloured edging and a hard-wearing heel pad.

Acrylic headlight covers, mudflaps and interior complementing seat-covers round out the range.

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ECHO OFFERS MAXIMUM PACKAGE EFFICIENCY


Toyota’s Echo Hatch and sedan can accommodate four 190cm-tall adults.

A key Echo design concept was ~optimum inside, minimum outside~, to provide comfort for four adults while protecting the environment and conserving resources.

The vehicle was designed to maximise interior space, within a short overall length.

Echo has an overall length of 3615mm, a height of 1510mm and a wheelbase of 2370mm.

Echo’s ~short but tall~ exterior dimensions translate to impressive gains in interior space.

Couple distance (distance between front and rear passenger hip points) has been optimised through clever design.

Echo Hatch has 1317mm of front shoulder room and 1288mm of rear shoulder room.

Headroom dimensions are 1013mm front and 955mm rear.

Hatch’s legroom dimensions are 1044mm front and 885mm rear.

Vehicle entry and exit has been optimised by the 1510mm roof height, which allows for higher door openings.

The seat hip point is 580mm above ground, to minimise bending when entering or leaving the vehicle.

Echo’s upright driving position also enhances vision, aids city driving and reduces fatigue.

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ECHO HAS AERODYNAMIC BODY


Toyota’s new Echo mini-car has class-leading aerodynamics while delivering impressive interior space.

Echo Hatch has a drag coefficient of 0.30 and sedan’s coefficient is 0.29.

Body and underbody shape have been optimised to achieve a leading edge drag coefficient.

Echo was built to a ~tall and short~design concept.

Special aerodynamic features include:

• a low integrated front bumper/spoiler and attention to the underside of the front bumper, to direct air under the floor

• a flat underfloor shape and slightly raised tail, to smooth airflow under the car

• a smooth shape for the front edge of the bonnet and the headlamps, to smooth airflow over the car and around the front guards

• smooth integration from bonnet to windscreen to roof and side windows

• a smooth line from the roof to rear door (Hatch), coupled with a raised rear window inclination, to smooth airflow at the rear of the car

• tapered rear quarters to smooth airflow at the rear of the car

• flush glass in the windscreen, side windows and rear window, and

• aerodynamic exterior mirrors to minimise wind noise.

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ECHO HAS LIGHTWEIGHT HIGH RIGIDITY BODY


Toyota designed the Echo Hatch and sedan with a high ratio of body rigidity to weight.

The highly rigid, lightweight body contributes to performance, fuel economy (and hence low emissions), active and passive safety, handling and NVH.

The new Echo platform is designed to eliminate noise at the source.

Echo’s body shell and underbody make extensive use of high-strength steel sheet.

High-strength steel is used for 42.7 percent (by weight).

It is used for the doors, bonnet, front guards, the majority of the entire front door surrounds and the majority of the rear door surrounds, the front chassis rails, front cross member, front and rear suspension pick-up points, underfloor cross members, and all the box sections of the underbody.

Toyota has maximised body rigidity while maintaining weight targets, by placing reinforcements in key locations, adopting straight sections for the main underbody framework and optimising the strength of the joints in the body shell and underbody.

Echo has significant body reinforcement for both frontal and side impact protection.

The vehicle also has a comprehensive strategy for reinforcement around the dash and cowl area, to increase crash protection and reduce NVH.

The strategy includes an instrument panel reinforcement, cowl side reinforcements, pillar brace, a substantial dash cross member and a vertical dash reinforcement.

Straight frame sections and strengthened joints are used throughout the underbody to maximise body strength.

There are two substantial floor cross members and a third major cross member behind the rear seat.

The floor panel consists of a straight-sided central tunnel, 10 rounded-edge sheets and a floor brace, to increase rigidity and reduce NVH.

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ECHO HAS REFINED INTERIOR


Toyota’s new Echo has a refined interior package, with the accent on space, comfort, safety and style.

The interior packaging and instrument layout are similar in concept to Toyota’s Prius hybrid car.

All Echo models have digital centre-mounted instruments, and tri-tone interior colours with Jacquard cloth seat trim.

Quality moulded headlining, moulded door trim with cloth inserts and needle-punch carpet are also standard across the range.

Echo Hatch and sedan have a relaxed driving position and space for five people. The Echo design brief included the goal of accommodating four 190cm-tall adults.

Echo’s hip point is 580mm above the ground - significantly taller than Echo’s competitors - for greater ease of entry and exit.

The front seats were designed to create the optimum angle of hip and knee joints for long periods on the road - thereby reducing fatigue.

Front seat fore/aft adjustment range has been optimised, to suit drivers of all heights.

The steering column has stepless height adjustment.

Power steering is standard equipment on Echo sedan and optionally available on Echo Hatch.

Echo’s front seats and rear outboard seat positions have adjustable head restraints.

The rear centre seat head restraint in Hatch models is also height adjustable.

Driver’s seat height adjustment is included in the Power Pack 2 option for Echo sedan.

The rear seat in Hatch is a 60/40 split fold design which tumbles forward to create additional luggage space.

A unique design in the slide mechanism of the rear seat provides for 150mm fore/aft movement of the seat - and hence the ability to vary the luggage capacity.

A 60/40 split-fold rear seat is included in the Echo sedan Power Pack 2 option.

Echo’s comfort has been further improved (and driver fatigue reduced) by a low-noise interior.

Echo is up to 6dB quieter than superseded Starlet at some engine speeds.

Passive safety features include driver’s airbag SRS with force-limiting seatbelt pretensioner, whiplash injury lessening (WIL) front seats, head impact protection for the pillars and roof rails and a four-way collapsible steering column.

Front passenger airbag SRS with force-limiting seatbelt pretensioner is included in Echo’s Safety Pack option.

The outboard rear seatbelts have automatic locking retractor (ALR) mechanisms, to better secure a baby seat/capsule.

The sedan model has three rear seat 3-point ELR/ALR seat belts.

Toyota Echo has more than a dozen cabin storage locations.

Interior storage locations include: centre console, main glovebox,upper glovebox, passenger’s side dash pocket, driver’s side dash pocket, lower dash compartment, upper dash glovebox (not included with optional Safety Pack), three front cup holders, two rear cup holders in Echo 3-Door Hatch, coin holder, map pockets behind both front seats, front door pockets and front ashtray.

Echo sedan has a storage box under the passenger’s seat.

Toyota Echo has the option of CFC-free air conditioning with a new high- efficiency scroll-type compressor and a cut-off control when accelerating.

Echo 3-Door Hatch has the option (as part of Sports Pack) of a manual-control moonroof.

New Audios:

Toyota Echo has a range of new audio systems.

Echo 3-Door Hatch and sedan have as standard equipment a security coded electronic-touch tune AM/FM radio/cassette with digital clock.

Echo 3-Door Hatch has two speakers, and the 5-Door and sedan have four speakers.

Echo 5-Door Hatch has a new security coded 1.4 DIN audio head unit with electronic touch-tune AM/FM radio with six pre-sets per band, digital clock, single CD and four speakers.

CD functions include repeat, random and skip/search.

This audio unit is optionally available in other models, as part of the Sports Pack in 3-Door Hatch and Power Pack 2 in Echo sedan.

All Echo Hatch models have a roof-mount radio antenna and sedan has a pillar mounted antenna.

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TOYOTA ECHO HAS UNIQUE DASHBOARD


Toyota’s all-new Echo has a unique dashboard design, with centrally mounted digital instruments and up to seven storage areas.

The central instrument binnacle achieves increased active safety by reducing the time required to look away from the road to the speedometer.

Design features of Echo’s two-tone dashboard include four rotating ~eyeball~ vents and rotary ventilation controls.

Dashboard storage areas are: glovebox, upper glovebox, centre console, passenger-side dash pocket, driver’s side dash pocket, driver’s side under-dash compartment and upper dash glovebox The upper dash glovebox is not available with Safety Pack.

In addition, Echo’s storage areas include three cup holders mounted on the centre console, map pockets behind both front seats, front door pockets, coin holder and a front ashtray.

Echo 3-door Hatch has additional cup holders moulded in the rear armrests and Echo sedan has a storage box under the passenger’s seat.

Digital Instruments:

Toyota Echo has digital instruments as standard equipment.

The combination meter uses a fluorescent character display tube, with images projected onto a mirror to give the impression of depth.

It has a smoked faceplate which helps readability in all light conditions.

The combination meter includes a bar-display type tachometer.

Engine temperature information is conveyed by a coolant light which illuminates in blue when the engine is cold and flashes red when coolant temperature approaches boiling point.

This early warning philosophy is the same as used in modern jet fighters.

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ECHO IS QUIETER INSIDE


Toyota’s new Echo has been designed to be quiet inside.

Interior noise levels have been reduced by up to 6dB over superseded Starlet at some engine speeds, a huge reduction in sound pressure.

Road noise and engine booming noise have been minimised for increased comfort and to reduce driver fatigue.

Toyota has used the philosophy of reducing noise at the source to make Echo a benchmark mini-car for NVH.

The sedan has a drag coefficient of 0.29 and the Hatch has 0.30 drag coefficient to reduce wind noise.

Echo has a highly rigid body and underbody for reduced noise and vibration.

The body design includes a dash panel brace and front cowl reinforcements for increased impact protection and to reduce vibration of the dash panel and the windscreen.

The underbody includes rounded-edge floor panel sections and a floor brace, to improve rigidity and reduce road noise.

In addition, Echo has a substantial dash panel silencer, a dash outer silencer, cowl side silencers and four floor silencers.

Echo’s engines combine a highly rigid engine block, crankshaft and transmission union to reduce noise and vibration.

Plastic engine covers are used to further reduce noise.

Toyota has made extensive use of recycled materials to sound proof elements of the new Echo.

Recycled material is used to make the floor silencer panels.

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ECHO IS BUILT TO LAST


Toyota has added a special exterior paint which resists acid rain to its new Echo mini car’s comprehensive package of anti-corrosion measures.

The anti-corrosion package is designed to ensure improved long-term appearance, greater durability and higher re-sale values.

Echo’s body is 76.2 percent anti-corrosion steel (by weight).

Anti-corrosion steel is used for every exterior panel (except the roof) and for the entire underbody.

The underbody has a special coating to improve rust resistance.

The rear wheel housings and other areas subject to chipping have an extra-thick coating.

Echo also has two special anti-chipping coatings in areas vulnerable to stone chipping.

Anti-chipping measures include:

• an interlayer of PVC chipping primer on the rocker panels

• and an interlayer of anti-chipping paint on the rocker panel, the lower portion of the doors and the under edges of the front guards

Local evaluation of Echo saw Toyota include an additional stone chipping counter measure on the lower rear quarter panel.

Echo’s corrosion prevention measures also include extensive use of waxes and pre-cure sealers in hemmings, joints and doors, and wax coatings on the hinge installations of sub-assemblies.

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SUSPENSION BALANCES HANDLING COMFORT AND NVH


Toyota’s new Echo Hatch and sedan have specially developed long-travel suspension for a balance of handling, ride comfort and low NVH.

Long-travel suspension also increases Echo’s resistance to bottoming when laden.

Echo has a highly rigid body, which provides a stable platform for the suspension.

Echo’s suspension has similar design features to the Prius hybrid vehicle.

The new mini car has a large footprint on the road for its overall dimensions.

It has a wheelbase of 2370mm, front track of 1440mm and rear track of 1420mm.

The front suspension is MacPherson strut, with wide-based L-shaped lower arms to maximise suspension rigidity and provide crisp steering response.

The MacPherson-strut damper units are gas-filled to provide consistent damper performance.

The stabiliser bar is attached to the lower L-arm, to reduce uncontrolled body roll.

The front suspension has anti-dive geometry. Echo’s rear suspension is an Eta beam (or trailing torsion beam) axle - a compact system which saves weight and intrusion into the body (thereby maximising luggage capacity).

Benefits of the Eta beam system also include a built-in stabiliser bar and minimal camber change during cornering.

It consists of a U-shaped torsion beam and two long trailing arms.

Two coil springs and low-pressure gas-filled dampers control the rear suspension.

The stabiliser bar is housed within the U-shaped beam.

Echo’s rear suspension has the added feature of toe control for increased driveability, stability and ride comfort.

The Echo rear suspension has special toe-correcting bushings and anti-lift geometry - for increased stability under brakes.

Echo has 5.5J x14~ steel wheels with 175/65-R14 tyres.

Rack & Pinion Steering:

Toyota Echo has constant-ratio rack and pinion steering, for a combination of crisp response, low steering effort and excellent steering feel.

The steering rack is mounted low (on the sub frame), to minimise bump steer.

Optional engine-speed sensitive power steering is included in the 3-Door Sports Pack and 5-Door Power Pack 1. Power steering is standard for the Echo sedan.

Foamed urethane sponge, foamed seal material and felt are used in the pillars and roof rail channels to reduce wind noise and channel resonance.

Echo sedan has a two-stage muffler, as debuted on Lexus ES300, to reduce noise when the engine is operating below 3000rpm and to improve performance above 3000rpm.

A scroll-type compressor is used in the optional air conditioner, to minimise noise.

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INTENSIVE LOCAL EVALUATION FOR ECHO


Toyota’s new Echo Hatch and sedan have specially developed long-travel suspension for a balance of handling, ride comfort and low NVH.

Long-travel suspension also increases Echo’s resistance to bottoming when laden.

Echo has a highly rigid body, which provides a stable platform for the suspension.

Echo’s suspension has similar design features to the Prius hybrid vehicle.

The new mini car has a large footprint on the road for its overall dimensions.

It has a wheelbase of 2370mm, front track of 1440mm and rear track of 1420mm.

The front suspension is MacPherson strut, with wide-based L-shaped lower arms to maximise suspension rigidity and provide crisp steering response.

The MacPherson-strut damper units are gas-filled to provide consistent damper performance.

The stabiliser bar is attached to the lower L-arm, to reduce uncontrolled body roll.

The front suspension has anti-dive geometry.

Echo’s rear suspension is an Eta beam (or trailing torsion beam) axle - a compact system which saves weight and intrusion into the body (thereby maximising luggage capacity).

Benefits of the Eta beam system also include a built-in stabiliser bar and minimal camber change during cornering.

It consists of a U-shaped torsion beam and two long trailing arms.

Two coil springs and low-pressure gas-filled dampers control the rear suspension.

The stabiliser bar is housed within the U-shaped beam.

Echo’s rear suspension has the added feature of toe control for increased driveability, stability and ride comfort.

The Echo rear suspension has special toe-correcting bushings and anti-lift geometry - for increased stability under brakes.

Echo has 5.5J x14~ steel wheels with 175/65-R14 tyres.

Rack & Pinion Steering:

Toyota Echo has constant-ratio rack and pinion steering, for a combination of crisp response, low steering effort and excellent steering feel.

The steering rack is mounted low (on the sub frame), to minimise bump steer.

Optional engine-speed sensitive power steering is included in the 3-Door Sports Pack and 5-Door Power Pack 1. Power steering is standard for the Echo sedan.

Foamed urethane sponge, foamed seal material and felt are used in the pillars and roof rail channels to reduce wind noise and channel resonance.

Echo sedan has a two-stage muffler, as debuted on Lexus ES300, to reduce noise when the engine is operating below 3000rpm and to improve performance above 3000rpm.

A scroll-type compressor is used in the optional air conditioner, to minimise noise.

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ECHO BALANCES PERFORMANCE AND ECONOMY


Toyota’s new Echo Hatch and sedan strike a balance of performance and economy.

The introduction of intelligent variable valve timing has given the Echo Hatch’s 1.3-litre engine the performance of conventional higher displacement mini-car engines.

Echo sedan’s 1.5-litre engine has the most power and torque in the mini-car class.

Echo manual sedan can accelerate from 0-100km/h in 9.9 seconds, and covers the standing 400 metres in 17.1 seconds.

Echo manual Hatch has 0-100km/h performance of 12.1 seconds and a 0-400m time of 18.1 seconds.

Echo Hatch has a significant fuel economy advantage compared with the superseded Starlet on the AS2877 standard.

The Hatch manual model has 6.1litres/100km economy on city cycle and 4.6l/100km on highway cycle.

Hatch auto’s figures are 6.7 litres/100km (city) and 4.8 litres/100km (highway).

Echo manual sedan has city cycle economy of 6.3 litres/100km and highway cycle economy of 4.6 litres/100km.

The automatic model has city cycle economy of 6.6 litres/100km and averages 4.7 litres/100km on the highway cycle.

Actual consumption will vary depending on road and traffic conditions.

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ECHO IS FIRST WITH VVT-i


The new Echo is the first light car and the first Toyota in Australia with variable valve timing.

Toyota’s intelligent continuously variable valve timing system is more advanced than the basic systems in some German luxury vehicles and Japanese small cars.

VVT-i (Variable Valve Timing-intelligent) is the next generation technology in Toyota engines.

Echo has the latest-generation TMC-developed vane-type VVT-i control, which debuted on Prius and Lexus IS200.

Intelligent variable valve timing can provide high levels of fuel economy, low emissions and strong torque as well as high performance.

VVT-i provides continual variations of the intake valve timing, to match the engine’s operating conditions.

This improves performance and fuel efficiency, and reduces vibration on engine start-up and shut-down.

Echo’s inlet timing can be varied over a range of 60 degrees relative to crankshaft angle, to provide optimum valve timing for the full range of driving conditions.

Inlet camshaft timing is varied according to engine revolutions, throttle position, engine coolant temperature and intake air volume.

The maximum retard setting provides zero valve overlap. (There is a five degree period between the exhaust valve closing and inlet opening.)

Inlet cam timing is set to the maximum retard position for engine start-up, operation at low engine temperature, idle and engine shut-down.

The maximum advance setting provides 55 degrees of valve overlap.

VVT-i Activation:

Toyota Echo’s VVT-i is a computer controlled and oil-pressure activated push- push type system.

The engine ECU can command the system to advance or retard the inlet camshaft timing, thereby providing for faster response.

The hardware is a camshaft timing oil control valve mounted adjacent to the inlet camshaft gear wheel and a VVT-i controller mechanism built onto the inlet camshaft timing gear.

The camshaft timing oil control valve is a spool valve, controlled via a coil and plunger by the engine ECU.

It can signal ~advance~, ~hold~ or ~retard~. The VVT-i controller consists of a housing on the front of the timing wheel, driven from the timing chain, and a four-bladed vane coupled with the intake camshaft.

When the engine ECU requires a change in inlet timing, it signals the oil control valve to provide oil pressure to either the advance or retard side of the four vane chambers.

A locking pin in the controller locks the camshaft timing in the maximum retard position for engine start-up and immediately after start-up (until oil pressure is established) to prevent any knocking noise.

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HIGH EFFICIENCY ENGINE FOR ECHO


Toyota’s 1.3 litre Echo Hatch achieves the engine performance of higher displacement mini-car engines.

Echo is the first Toyota model in Australia with variable valve timing.

The intelligent Toyota system (VVT-i) offers continuously variable inlet valve timing over a range of 60 degrees (relative to crankshaft angle).

Echo Hatch’s Toyota 2NZ-FE powerplant is the world’s most advanced volume-production naturally aspirated 1.3 litre petrol engine.

The 1299cm3 engine has power and torque equivalent or better than most of its 1.5 litre opposition.

It has 15 percent more power and nine percent more torque than superseded Starlet’s 1.3 litre engine.

The new VVT-i-equipped 1.3 litre engine delivers 63kW of power at 6000rpm and 122Nm of torque at 4400rpm.

Toyota has adopted leading-edge engine technology throughout, for maximum fuel and package efficiency coupled with optimum serviceability, low NVH and low emissions.

The Echo Hatch engine was developed in parallel with the high-efficiency 1NZ- FXE Toyota Prius powerplant as part of the same engine family.

It shares many state-of-the-art features with Echo sedan’s 1.5 litre 1NZ-FE engine.

Features of the two new Echo engines include:

• compact, all-alloy construction for the cylinder head and engine block, for maximum thermal efficiency and minimum weight. The 1.3 litre block is 6kg lighter than the Starlet block.

• a conical shape at the rear of the block to maximise the rigidity of the gearbox coupling, and hence reduce NVH

• a lightweight, rigid crankshaft and high-strength connecting rods with plastic region tightening bolts, for optimum rigidity with low reciprocating weight

• the crankshaft centre line is offset to the thrust side, to reduce friction and hence maximise fuel efficiency

• a virtually square bore and stroke relationship to boost torque (75.0mm x 73.5mm for the 1.3 litre engine)

• reduced reciprocating mass and lightweight valve train components, low friction pistons and piston rings, and low-load valve springs, to improve fuel efficiency

• a Twin Cam Multi-valve cylinder head, for maximum engine breathing efficiency

• Variable Valve Timing-intelligent, to optimise performance across the engine revolution range and minimise emissions

• a long-branch inlet system with resonator, to maximise low-to-mid range torque. The inlet system is made of plastic, to reduce heat transfer from the engine to the inlet charge and hence increase volumetric efficiency

• a plastic engine cover to reduce NVH and increase recyclability

• sequential fuel injection with multiple injector nozzles mounted in the inlet ports, for maximum fuel atomisation and reduced wall wetting

• a hot chip type air flow meter for the EFI, for more accurate air-flow measurement and hence more accurate fuel/air mixing

• stainless steel extractor-style exhaust headers, for maximum performance and durability, and lower emissions

• rearward-facing exhaust, which combines with double-walled front exhaust pipe to improve catalytic converter performance and hence reduce emissions. The catalytic converter has thinner walls to further improve heat-up rate and reduce emission

• a double ball-jointed exhaust pipe connector, to reduce NVH

• a two-stage muffler (as debuted in the Lexus range) to improve high rpm engine performance on the 1.5 litre sedan engine Additional fuel emission saving technology includes computer engine management, individual Toyota Direct Ignition for each of the four cylinders and electronic spark advance with a knock control system.

The engine ECU determines the spark advance.

Serviceability improvements include Multiplex engine diagnostics (which can detect a malfunction and memorise details of the failure), a vertically installed oil filter and adoption of chain drive to the camshafts.

The 8mm pitch roller cam chain has a lubricating oil jet and auto tensioner.

Offset Crankshaft:

Echo’s 1.3 and 1.5 litre engines have the crankshaft offset 12mm to the thrust side of the cylinder bore centre line.

This reduces the side force generated at maximum compression, for reduced friction and improved fuel economy.

Toyota calculates the offset crankshaft configuration reduces fuel consumption by between one and three percent.

Twin Cam Multi-valve:

Echo’s Hatch and sedan engines have an aluminium alloy cylinder head to achieve maximum thermal efficiency.

The cylinder head has two overhead camshafts and four valves per cylinder.

The twin cam design provides for direct valve actuation, which minimises valve train inertia and allows for optimum cam profiles.

It results in more positive actuation and less free play.

Toyota employs four valves per cylinder on all its passenger car engines to increase intake valve area (and hence engine breathing) and reduce valve inertia compared with a two-valve design with equivalent intake area.

The four-valves per cylinder concept also allows for a more efficient combustion chamber, with a central spark plug.

The four-valve design also allows the engine designer to employ milder valve timing, while still achieving full cylinder filling.

The Echo engine has vertical intake ports, to further boost engine breathing.

It has narrow valve stems, to reduce intake resistance and valve-train mass.

The fuel injection nozzles are located in the inlet ports of the cylinder head, to prevent wall wetting and fuel adhesion to the walls of the port, thereby reducing hydrocarbon emissions.

The Echo engine has a compact cylinder head design, with an included valve angle of 33.5 degrees, for maximum efficiency.

The 33.5 degree design is also employed on the Prius engine.

It is the widest included valve angle Toyota has used since introducing the ~F~ type (passenger car) engine series in Camry in 1987.

The wider included valve angle improves engine breathing and allows space for chain drive to the two camshafts.

Echo is the first Toyota passenger car in Australia for over a decade to feature chain-driven camshafts.

Cylinder-Head Design:

Echo’s compression ratio has been set at 10.5:1, for optimum combustion efficiency and power output across the revolution range.

The combustion chambers in the Echo engine employ a tapered (oblique) squish design, to improve thermal efficiency and reduce the chance of engine knock (pre-ignition).

The squish area has been shaped obliquely along the wall surface of the combustion chamber, improving airflow, promoting swirl and speeding flame travel.

The combustion chambers are almost entirely machined, to ensure minimum variation in combustion chamber volume across the four cylinders.

Special attention has been paid to cooling the combustion chamber, including provision of a water jacket between the exhaust port and the spark plug boss, to lower the operating temperature at the exhaust valve seat and improve cooling performance.

Service mass of the Echo Hatch engine is 85 kilograms.

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ECHO SEDAN BREAKS MINI CAR HORSEPOWER BARRIER


Toyota’s new Echo sedan is the first mini car to break the 100 horsepower barrier.

The 1497cm3 power plant delivers a class-leading 80kW (107HP) at 6000rpm and 142Nm of torque at 4200rpm.

It has 16 percent more power and four percent more torque than the superseded 1.5 litre Paseo sports car.

The capacity increase to 1497cm3 has been achieved by increasing the stroke from 73 to 84.7mm.

Unique features of the Echo sedan are its variable back-pressure muffler and slightly longer exhaust valve opening duration.

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ECHO MANUAL TRANSMISSION SUITS VVT-i TORQUE


Toyota Echo has a five-speed manual transmission, to suit the class-leading performance of its VVT-i-equipped engines.

The Toyota C154 five-speed overdrive manual transmission has tall ratios for fourth and fifth gear.

The ratios suit the high torque of Echo’s 1.3 litre 2NZ-FE and 1.5 litre 1NZ-FE engines.

The C154 transmission has ratios of: 1st, 3.545; 2nd, 1.904; 3rd, 1.310; 4th, 1.031; 5th, 0.864 and reverse, 3.250.

It is matched to a final drive ratio of 3.722:1 in Hatch and 3.526:1 in sedan.

Clutch diameter is 212mm and facing area is 199cm2 for 1.5 litre Echo sedan.

The clutch has a diaphragm spring turnover mechanism to improve operability.

The hydraulic control system for the clutch has an integrated reservoir tank and master cylinder to save weight and under-bonnet space.

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ADVANCED 4 SPEED AUTO FOR ECHO


Toyota Echo Hatch has an optional state-of-the-art electronically controlled four-speed overdrive automatic transmission.

The all-new Toyota U441E automatic transmission offers significant driveability, efficiency and comfort advantages.

It halves shift lag compared with a conventional automatic transmission to achieve improved response.

The U441E transmission has the efficiency advantages of a Ravigneaux-type planetary gear and the smoothness of electronic control.

The new transmission also saves on weight and complexity.

The Ravigneaux planetary gear affects the shifting of all speeds using one set of planetary gears - compared with three in a conventional automatic.

Toyota has also adopted clutch-to-clutch pressure control, reducing the number of brakes from four to three and the number of one-way clutches from three to two.

The adoption of Toyota’s Super ECT electronic control gives Echo automatic models a range of additional features.

Features of the Automatic Transmission include:

• clutch-to-clutch pressure control, for the 3-4 and 4-3 shifts, to provide smoother shifting.

• a centrifugal fluid pressure cancelling mechanism in the C1 clutch, for the 4-3 and 4-2 changes. The new mechanism improves shift response and smoothness

• line-pressure optimal control, using a linear solenoid valve to match line pressure to engine torque. It promotes smooth shifting and optimises the workload on the U441E’s new, more compact and efficient oil pump.

• clutch pressure optimal control using a solenoid valve to minutely control the clutch pressure according to engine torque and driving conditions - for smoother shifting.

The combination of the centrifugal fluid pressure cancelling mechanism and clutch pressure optimal control provides smooth shifting and halves shift-lag time for improved response.

The U441E shares an ECU with the 1.3 litre 2NZ-FE engine.

The ECU uses input on engine speed, crankshaft angle, water temperature, throttle position, the neutral start switch, vehicle speed, input turbine speed, stop light switch (brake actuation), transmission fluid temperature and transmission control switch (overdrive switch) to provide optimum driveability.

Toyota’s ECT features include torque control during shifting (to minimise shift shock), N to D squat control and A/T shift lock (to minimise the possibility of incorrect operation of the automatic transaxle).

The new Toyota U441E transmission has ratios of: 1st, 2.875; 2nd, 1.568; 3rd, 1.000; 4th 0.697 and reverse, 2.300.

It is matched to a 1.019 counter-gear ratio and 4.052:1 final drive.

New Auto Transmission For Sedan:

The new Echo sedan is also offered with optional electronically controlled four-speed overdrive automatic transmission.

The Toyota U340E transmission shares many advanced features with the U441E transmission in Echo Hatch.

Its intermediate ratios and final drive ratio have been selected to match the higher torque of the 1.5 litre 1NZ-FE engine.

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WORLD'S BEST ENGINE AWARDS FOR TOYOTA


An international panel of experts has named the one-litre engine in Toyota Yaris the Best Engine of the Year.

Yaris is the European version of Toyota Echo.

The 1.3 and 1.5 litre engines share much of the technology used in the 1.0 litre Yaris engine.

These engines were developed in parallel with the 1.5 litre Atkinson Cycle engine in Toyota’s Prius hybrid vehicle.

German magazine Engine Technology International of Hamburg initiated the International Engine of the Year Awards and assembled a panel of 19 automotive experts for the judging.

The judging panel included top-level automotive journalists and engineering consultants from Europe and the United States.

The 1.0 litre Yaris engine won praise for its fuel efficiency, low emissions, advanced technology content and driveability.

The Yaris engine achieves many of these benefits through the use of intelligent variable valve timing - originally developed for the Lexus luxury car range.

In addition to its overall victory, the Yaris engine won the ~sub 1.0 litre~ category.

~Its power and refinement belies its small capacity,~ one judge said.

~It performs like a larger engine, but has incredible fuel efficiency,~ said another.

The same judging panel named the 1.5 litre Atkinson Cycle engine in Toyota Prius as the Best Eco-Friendly Engine and the best 1.4 to 1.8 litre engine.

The judges commended Toyota for the world’s first mass-produced hybrid vehicle.

~Prius is a practical solution to emission problems... Toyota’s engineers must be commended,~ said one judge.

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ECHO IS TOYOTA'S GREENEST CAR IN AUSTRALIA


Echo is Toyota’s greenest car in Australia.

The US (sedan) version was designed to comply with US Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) regulations.

Particular attention has been paid to maximising fuel economy and hence minimising CO2 emissions.

Much of the vehicle’s sound-absorbing material is recycled.

Echo Hatch and sedan have state-of-the-art VVT-i-equipped engines.

Both have a low drag coefficient and lightweight/high rigidity bodies to optimise fuel economy.

Special features to optimise fuel efficiency and minimise emissions of the three gross pollutants include tapered-squish combustion chambers, straight inlet ports (to reduce wall wetting), full sequential injection and VVT-i.

Adopting VVT-i for both Echo engines means they have zero valve overlap at idle and low engine load, thereby reducing unburned fuel emissions.

Both Echo engines have been installed with the exhausts facing rearwards, to shorten the path to the catalytic converter and increase converter efficiency.

Converter heating and hence efficiency has been further improved by adopting stainless steel headers, and a double-walled front exhaust pipe and thinner walls in the converter canister.

Echo also has a returnless fuel system to reduce evaporative emissions.

Toyota Echo is highly recyclable.

In some instances metal parts have been replaced with recyclable plastic parts - including the engine oil dip stick.

All plastic parts over 100g weight are labelled for future recycling.

Highly recyclable Toyota Super Olefin Polymer (TSOP) has been used for the front and rear bumpers, interior garnishes, door trims, and upper and lower instrument panel.

Toyota has put a priority on reducing PVC and lead in its vehicles.

Polypropylene (PP) is being used increasingly in place of PVC.

The new Echo has non-PVC materials for the door belt and roof mouldings, door glass surrounds and weather strips.

Toyota has reduced the use of lead in the wiring harness connections and the window glass.

The company’s commitment to the environment also includes a new method for protecting CBU vehicles during shipping.

Echo is one of the first CBU vehicles to arrive in Australia in Toyota’s more environmentally friendly wrap-guard protective shipping coating.

Wrap-guard peels off the new vehicle when it is delivered to the dealer.

The development of wrap-guard alleviates the need for solvents to clean off shipping wax.

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ECHO HAS LOW EMISSIONS


Toyota’s new Echo mini-car has the lowest emissions of any Toyota sold in Australia.

The 1.5 litre Echo sedan model is sold in the United States as an LEV (low-emission vehicle).

Australian model variants, comfortably running on Australian fuel, meet LEV requirements on two of the three emission criteria and are within six percentage points of meeting the third criteria.

Echo comfortably meets Australian emission requirements.

Echo Hatch’s NOx emissions are one 20th of the Australian Design Rule standard.

Echo’s hydrocarbon emissions (Hatch and sedan) are less than one fifth of the ADR standard.

Echo’s CO emissions range between 12 percent and 36 percent of the ADR standard.

Echo’s new returnless fuel system has slashed evaporative emissions as low as six percent of the ADR standard.

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ECHO MEETS WORLD SAFETY STANDARDS


Toyota has designed its new Echo sedan and Hatch to meet the world’s toughest crash safety standards.

Echo Hatch and sedan have passed a 40 percent offset deformable barrier test at an impact speed of 64km/h - well in excess of the world test standard of 56km/h.

Echo Hatch also meets Toyota’s rear-end crash test - a 50 percent offset rear moving barrier which strikes the test vehicle at 55km/h.

This is a tough test for vehicles with short rear overhang, such as Echo Hatch.

The test criteria stipulates no leakage of fuel after the impact.

Echo’s fuel tank is located within the wheelbase to improve safety in rear impacts.

Echo has also met the European dynamic side impact test (where a 950 kilogram moving deformable barrier is slammed into the side of the test vehicle at 55 km/h).

Echo was also tested to the US FMVSS201 head impact protection and FMVSS216 roof strength crush test standards.

GOA Safety Body:

Echo’s body was also designed to a newly implemented level of Toyota’s Global Outstanding Assessment (GOA) process.

In the GOA process, Toyota reviews current and anticipated safety standards and designs the vehicle to exceed those standards.

Echo has been tested to new European standards and Japanese and US requirements, as well as Toyota’s strict in-house goal of having the highest passive safety in class.

The shortest vehicle in the Toyota passenger car range was designed to the same exacting safety philosophy as Lexus LS400.

Reinforced Body:

Echo has a strong body - with a high-integrity cabin, and crumple zones front and rear.

The cabin is designed to provide survival space for the occupants, including head and foot space.

The crumple zones progressively absorb impact energy.

Toyota used Computer Aided Engineering and numerous on-vehicle tests to achieve maximum front, rear and side-impact integrity.

Safety Equipment: Toyota Echo has an extensive passive safety package.

Standard equipment includes driver’s airbag SRS and driver’s force-limiting front seatbelt pretensioner.

Front passenger airbag SRS and force-limiting seatbelt pretensioner are part of Echo’s optional Safety Pack.

The pack, which also includes ABS anti-skid brakes, is available on all Echo models.

Echo has adopted a strategy of body reinforcement and energy absorbing material for side collision impact protection.

The doors have side protection bars (with two bars per door in the three-door Hatch model) and inner and outer reinforcement panels.

Energy-absorbing material has been incorporated into critical areas in the doors, to absorb any loads at those points.

Echo has the latest head impact protection (HIP) measures, including soft upper interior sections on the roof side rails and inner pillars.

The front pillar garnish and the B-pillar garnish have energy absorbing ribs.

The roof side rails also have energy absorbing material.

The four-way collapsible steering column has collapsible lower bracket, break-away bracket, energy absorbing plate and a contractile section for the intermediate shaft.

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ACTIVE SAFETY - STRONG ECHO


Toyota’s new Echo has an impressive active safety package.

Echo has a large footprint for its overall dimensions, a rigid suspension platform and long-travel suspension hardware.

Visibility has been optimised by Echo’s upright seating position, large windscreen area and multi-reflector headlamps.

Echo’s seats, seating position, long-travel suspension and low interior noise contribute to reduced chance of driver fatigue.

The centrally located instruments reduce the time required to adjust eye focus from the road to the speedometer and back to the road.

Toyota Echo has rack and pinion steering and 235mm diameter ventilated front disc brakes.

ABS anti-lock brakes with gravel-road strategy are optionally available in Echo’s Safety Pack for all Echo models.

Power-assisted steering is optionally available for all hatch models - in the option packs designed for both the 3-Door Hatch, and 5-Door Hatch. Power steering is standard for Echo sedan.

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